Take a look back at the illustrious career of Steve Jobs, from his humble
beginnings to his resignation from Apple.
Apple CEO Steve Jobs stepped down on August 24, after 14 years at the helm of the
company. Over the course of Jobs’s tenure as CEO, Apple rose from the brink of
its demise to become, by some measurements, the most valuable company in the
world. Now Jobs is being replaced by Tim Cook, who was previously Apple’s chief
operating officer. Jobs will carry on at Apple as chairman of the board of
directors. Click on to see how we got here.
Steve Meets Woz (1971)
Steve Jobs meets Steve Wozniak, with whom Jobs would later found Apple.
Photo: West Bear
Homebrew Computer Club (1975)
Steve Jobs starts attending meetings of the “Homebrew Computer Club,” for
Photo: West Bear
The First Apple Computer (1976)
Jobs and Wozniak raise $1750 to build their first marketable tabletop
computer, the Apple I, which they sell for $666.66. It’s the first single-board
computer with a video interface and on-board ROM (Read-Only Memory), which
instructs the machine on how to load programs from an external source.
Photo: Computer History Museum
The First Personal Computer (1977)
Apple incorporates, and the new company buys out the original partnership.
The Apple II–the world’s first widely used personal computer–launches that
Apple III (1980)
The Apple III launches, and the company goes public in the same year–the
share price jumps from $22 to $29 on the first day of trading.
Hello, Lisa (1983)
Apple announces the Lisa, the first mouse-controlled computer, but it fails
in the marketplace. In 1983 Apple also recruits John Sculley as president and
chief executive officer.
Photo: The Mac Geek
The First Macintosh (1984)
What’s Next? (1985)
Jobs is ousted from Apple after a boardroom struggle with John Sculley. He
resigns, takes five Apple employees with him, and founds Next, Inc. to develop
computer hardware and software. The company is later renamed Next Computer, Inc.
Pixar Acquisition (1986)
Steve Jobs purchases Pixar from George Lucas for less than $10 million. The
company is later renamed Pixar Animation Studios.
Expensive Gear (1988)
Next unveils the $6500 NeXT Computer, also known as The Cube, which comes
with a monochrome monitor. It flops in the marketplace.
Photo: CED Magic
Apple Buys Next (1996)
Apple acquires Next Computer for $427 million, and Jobs becomes advisor to
Apple chairman Gilbert F. Amelio. In 1997 Jobs becomes interim CEO and chairman
of Apple Computer after Amelio’s ouster. Jobs’s salary is $1.
The First iMac (1998)
Apple releases the all-in-one iMac, which sells millions of units,
financially reviving the company and boosting its share price by 400 percent.
The iMac wins the Gold Award from British Design and Art Direction,
Vogue calls it “one of spring’s hottest fashion statements,” and
Business Week declares that it is “one of the century’s lasting
Photo: Info Galaxy
The First iPod (2001)
Apple makes its first foray into consumer electronics, with the launch of the
iPod portable music player. (In fiscal 2004, the company sells more than 4.4
Photo: Newsweek (cover)
iTunes Gets a Music Store (2003)
The iTunes Music Store, which sells encoded songs and albums, opens. The
following year, Jobs is diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and undergoes surgery.
He recovers and returns to work in September.
The First iPhone (2007)
The first iPhone arrives, a breath of fresh air among the stodgy
BlackBerry, Palm, and Windows Mobile handsets.
Frail Health (2009)
In January 2009 Jobs says that his dramatic weight loss is caused by a
hormone imbalance. Around a week later Jobs announces that he will take a leave
of absence from Apple until June, because his medical condition has changed.
Jobs undergoes a liver transplant in June 2009, and he returns to work at the
end of the month.
Photo: Walk Like Steve Jobs
The Post-PC Era (2010)
In January 2010, Apple announces the iPad tablet, which becomes an instant
success and spawns a new category of mobile computing devices.
Back for More (2011)
Taking a break from his medical leave announced in January 2011, Jobs makes
an appearance at a March event in San Francisco to introduce the iPad 2.
Steve Jobs returns to the WWDC stage in June 2011 to introduce iCloud,
Apple’s new wireless data syncing service for iOS devices and computers. A few
days later, Jobs appears in front of the Cupertino City Council with a proposal
to build a spaceshiplike campus in the city.
Not Done Yet (2011)
On August 24, Jobs steps down as Apple’s chief executive, saying he can “no
longer meet [his] duties and expectations as Apple’s CEO.” Chief operating
officer Tim Cook (left) assumes the CEO title. Jobs remains at Apple as chairman
of the board.
Photo: Dan Farber
Apple Patent: Infringement
Jobs is a once-in-a-lifetime CEO, so beware of the many knock-offs. Many
companies want to clone him as their leader, but there can be only one.